Sausages hanging in a smokehouse, being infused with a rich, smoky flavor.

How Much are Cold Smokers? Easiest & Thrifty Equipment

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Writer / Enthusiast / Meat Curer / Forager / Harvester | About Tom

For decades, immersed in studying, working, learning, and teaching in the craft of meat curing, now sharing his passion with you through eat cured meat online resource.

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It’s actually quite surprising how cheap a basic cold smoking setup is, There are some variables for cold smoking, but generally, doing it at home is easy.

Hopefully, I can highlight the best options depending on what you want to cold smoke and where you are on the cold-smoking journey.

I started cold smoking about 15 years ago, talking to a traditional Dutch butcher who got me interested. He started showing me all the bits and pieces, with his setup. It was quite a shock at how simple it was.

So I did a whole bunch of research on different types of cold smoking equipment. After reading a few books, it was crazy how simple it can be, a lot of people think it’s something way more complicated than it is.

How Much Are Cold Smokers? The simplest setup can cost less than $10 USD. This will basically smoldering burning wood with airflow. Adjustable cold smoke systems cost approximately $80-$150 USD. A Smokehouse building can cost $200 or more to design a wood structure for cold smoking.

Cold smoking wild duck, salt and egg plant.

You can even make your own cold smoke system incredibly simple, just like the Dutch butcher I mentioned. He had that large steel double-door container, then lit it and left it.

Most designs incorporate a different burning box to the smoke chamber area, so make sure the temperature is below 30°C/86°F to avoid cooking the meat.

In his setup, the chamber was large enough to not raise the heat whilst cold smoking (often in winter and under 50F/10C).

Coldsmokingsalami
Cold Smoking some Hungarian and venison Salami using a pellet tube in a friend’s hot smoker

One important aspect of cold smoking that is often overlooked is having high enough humidity, especially cold-smoking meat. This post is about cost, if you want the full rundown beginner’s guide to cold smoking, I wrote a post here.

Here is a list of the options from experience, I’ve tested for cold smoking various foods (table and times for cold smoking different food).

Cold Smoking Setup Options

Cold smoking salami with pellet tube on gas grill
Cold Smoking Salami, took the burners out (salami was a bit long) and used a Pellet Tube on the bottom of my BBQ Gas Grill
Cold Smoking SetupSetup TimeApprox. Cold Smoking Time
Sieve MethodMinimalVaries (Trial and Error)
Pellet TubeMinimalVaries (Trial and Error)
Maze Cold SmokerLow4-8 hours
Smoke Generator with Chamber (ie. smoke box, beehive, old fridge)Moderate3-12 hours
Smokehouse with a Smoke GeneratorHigh5-20 hours
Smokehouse with Tunnel/Ducted SmokeHigh1-24 hours

Simple Cold Smoking Setups

  • Sieve Method – simplest, a bit of trial and error
  • Pellet Tube – simple, same principle as Sieve
  • Maze Cold Smoker – simple,

Adjustable Cold Smokers

  • Smoke Generator with Chamber

Structural Cold Smoker

  • Smokehouse with a smoke generator
  • Smokehouse with tunnel/ducted smoke

Simple Setups

Just a quick note, that I have played around with using these simple setups as hot smoking or low and slow DIY setups, since hot smoking is just cooking with some form of thin blue smoke, temperature control being the key to success with various methods.

Sieve Method Cold Smoker- Simplest

Cold smoker sieve
Push here to create the ring for burning

Cost $5 approx.

Buy a sieve, push it inside out and you have a DIY cold smoker. I friend does this and it works great, I will take a picture of it and post it. But here is a crude drawing:

You place the sawdust/wood pellets around the donut area. The smoke gets plenty of oxygen from the holes in the sieve. All you need is an enclosure with a bit of airflow. So easy!

Sieve cold smoker method

Having some form of decent lighter to get it going is important, like a creme brulee torch or a butane torch burner like the picture below.

Pellet Tube Cold Smoker – simple, same principle as Sieve

Starting a pellet tube smoker large
Cold Smoking with a Pellet Tube

$20 Approx

One of my favorites, you can get normally 6-12 inches. There are a few that have extendable aspects to them as well.

Getting the tube (or maze) lit is the only bit to really master. It would help if you had a propane torch (creme brulee torch works well) to get things started after 30-60 seconds of direct flaming. You just let it burn for at least 6 minutes and blow it out. I wrote some info on the pellet tube I like, check out that page here.

Blowtorch 596294 1920

Don’t even bother trying to get it lit with a normal everyday lighter, you need a torch for a blue flame type of heat.

They are also the same as motorbike perforated exhaust baffles that look like this:

Cold smoking exhaust baffle large 1
DIY option, exhaust baffles, there are actually quite a lot at the mechanic who do exhausts

Maze Cold Smoker

$30 Approx

Similar to the above methods, this type of cold smoker I find definitely can have a longer burn time, so great for cold-smoked bacon. If you can get plenty of good smoking sawdust, this can be the business. However, there are some that are designed for pellet burning also.

Depending on the wood, you can get a much longer burn out of it. Cherry wood seems to have a longer burn than a lot of the other fruit woods.

It is versatile, though you may have to play around a bit with placement if you are using it for low and slow or in a cooking/smoking environment for a few reasons.

  1. Pellet can ignite on a grill, keep indirect
  2. Some propane smokers or BBQ gas grills may not provide adequate oxygen to keep the maze smoker going.

I go into a bit of detail about these types of smokers, check out some tips and recommendations here.

Smoke Generator

Smoker generator

$120 approx

These are really cool devices, they use the so-called ‘Venturi’ effect, which pulls the smoke through the device.

You have a variable controller with the air pump, so you can adjust the flow of cold smoke being pushed through.

You use a torch just like the other methods to get it going. But since there is some ‘draw’ from the pump, it is easier to get lit. I have used normal lighters, but it takes quite a bit longer – don’t even bother if it’s windy.

They normally come with a drill bit, so you can make a whole if needed. I did this for an old kettle grill, then attached it for cold smoking.

If you want a full rundown with the pros and cons, I wrote a page here on these.

Full Cold Smoking Smokehouse

$200+ approx.

There are so many ways you could put together a smokehouse the basic way is having a smoldering fire going in a different tunneled area, then the ‘cold’ smoke just drifts through into the smoking chamber.

There is a good free resource from the LSU College of Agriculture that covers the basic plans whether you are basing it on one of the styles below. Click each of the links to go straight to the plan for details.

Here is the basic concept from the LSU Wooden Barrel Design, basically you can just scale it bigger.

Wooden barrel smoker 2
How Much Are Cold Smokers? Easiest & Thrifty Equipment 14

Most important factors for success:

  • Fully cured (saturation or equilibrium curing), if doing meat
  • Airflow
  • Temperature
  • Humidity

Just want to touch on each of these briefly to give an overview if you’re new to the cold smoking process.

If you want more info and a long post I wrote on the methods and basics of cold smoking, check out the post here.

Here is a video all about cold smoking I made:

Writer / Enthusiast / Meat Curer / Forager / Harvester | About Tom

For decades, immersed in studying, working, learning, and teaching in the craft of meat curing, now sharing his passion with you through eat cured meat online resource.


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Comments

  1. I use an small Indoor electric smoker a (Presto) its a combo or slow cold smoke it does not give me much information how to cold smoke cured belly pork my 7 day cure is Salt Prauge pink Salt honey brown sugar with the recomended mix my question is how long should i cold smoke im 75 and new to smoking due to Covid lockdown and i love my new adventure any advise will be helfull you guys are the experts for sure im also looking for a good rub for babyback ribs to smoke i live in Thailand im English not easy to get any kind of ready made rubs here i love watching the Amerian smokhouse competition on tv makes my mouth water so much lucky judges hope you can help im also an ex butcher so for sure i know my meats
    TERRY

    1. Author

      Hey Terry
      Not familiar with that smoker sorry, for me cold smoking is:
      A) under 30 deg Cel (more like 15-20)
      B) High humidity
      C) light smoke and airflow
      D) Cured properly (min 2% with equilibrium curing using accurate scales)

      Check out this guide I wrote on cold smoking

      2) Shouldn’t be an issue making a rub, just google …. rub recipe (cumin and paprika and always good) (Curing/Dry Curing VS BBQ Hot smoking is completely different techniques!)

      Cheers
      Tom

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